During regular operations of your Aura instance you may at times see that some of your queries fail with the error:
org.neo4j.memory.MemoryLimitExceededException: The allocation of an extra 8.3 MiB would use more than the limit 278.0 MiB. Currently using 275.1 MiB. dbms.memory.transaction.global_max_size threshold reached
This error should be handled by your application code as it may be intermittent.
As the configuration setting name suggests this acts as a safeguard by limiting the quantity of memory that can be allocated to all transactions and preserve the normal operation of the database.
The measured heap usage of all transactions is only an estimate and the actual heap utilization may be different than the estimated value.
In some cases, limitations of the estimation algorithm to detect shared objects at a deeper level of the memory graph could lead to overestimations because a conservative approach is used which relies on aggregated estimations of memory usage where the identities of all contributing objects are not known, and cannot be assumed to be shared.
Over estimations are most likely to happen when you use UNWIND on a very large list, or expand a variable length or shortest path pattern, where many relationships are shared between the computed result paths.
If this is the case you may want to test and try if you can manage to run the same query without a sorting operation like
ORDER BY or
DISTINCT and if possible handle this ordering or uniqueness in your application.
The property mentioned in the error message dbms.memory.transaction.global_max_size aims to protect the database from having OOMs (OutOfMemory) and increase resiliency; it is enabled in Aura and cannot be disabled. See here for further details.
- Handle this exception in your code and be prepared to retry if this is a very intermittent error but the query can succeed.
- Rework the relevant query to optimize (use
PROFILEto review the plans, for more details see query tuning ) and work at reducing the memory footprint.
- Increase the instance size of your Aura deployment to get more resources.
- Reduce concurrency of heavy on resource queries to get a better chance of success.
Further reading on memory management :
See https://neo4j.com/docs/operations-manual/current/performance/memory-configuration/#memory-configuration-considerations section Limit transaction memory usage recommendation